met⋅a⋅phor /‘metəfo/noun

A figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally
denote in order to suggest a similarity.

ORIGIN: 1533, from Middle French metaphore, from Latin metaphora, from Greek metaphora “a transfer,” especially of the sense of one word to a different word, lit. “a carrying over,” from metapherein “transfer, carry over,” from meta- “over, across” (see meta-) + pherein “to carry, bear” (see bear (v.)).